Getta Warszawskiego

In November, 1940, approximately 400,000 Polish Jews were confined to an area of 1.3 square miles in northern Warsaw – the Jewish Ghetto – encircled by a wall topped with barbed wire begun in April. From there, they were transported to the concentration camps, as many as 250,000 in the summer of 1942. The uprising of April and May 1943 was met with a German campaign to raze the ghetto, which they succeeded in doing. The wall between two houses on the southern border stands to this day within sight of the skyscrapers of modern Warsaw as a memorial to the dead.
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text: X06037 X06036 X06038 X06039 between Złota and Sienna

So They Go To Meet The Death

“The hunger in the ghetto is terrible. Nothing can be bought. … Because of hunger and suffering people go to the Umschlagplatz by themselves. The Judenrat hang posters saying that “volunteers” will be given 3 kg of bread and 1 kg of marmalade. There are some who think it better to die by the bullet than from starvation. So they go to meet the death.”
These crumpled paper figures show Jews being rounded up and the cards bear descriptions of conditions in the ghetto. “What has happened to us, people[?] I watch a policeman dragging a young man as if he were an ox led to slaughter. For a butcher this is a way of making money … But this one fights against his own destruction and you, a Jewish policeman fight to subdue him and drag him toward death – you are a common murderer!”
Bogusław Lustyk (web) is a Polish artist specialising in paintings of horses. This “crush art” piece about the Judenrat and Jewish Police in the Warsaw Ghetto is something of a departure in both theme and medium. Crush art “is a language of expression whose essence is destruction”. Nowy Swiat, Warsaw. (Previously from Warsaw: The People’s Guard | Solidarity?)
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text: X06023 X06022 X06025 X06026 X06027 X06028 X06029

Solidarity?

Polish trade union Solidarity was formed in August 1981 and the youth section (Solidarność Młodych) in December. June 4th, After years of protests and strikes, 1989 saw elections in which Solidarity was allowed to stand in 35% (= 161) of the seats in the Sejm (lower house) and in all 100 seats of the recreated Senate. It won every seat – except for a single Senate seat, which was won by an independent – leading to the collapse of the Communist government (WP). “Wybraliśmy wolność” – “We chose freedom” – is a celebration this year (2018) including an exhibition of photos from 1989 by Krzysztof Miller. In the years that followed, Solidarity lost its role as a political party and became a standard trade union. At Warsaw Centrum (metro station), ticket kiosks block the historical mural.
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text: X06019

The People’s Guard

Gwardia Ludowa (the People’s Guard) was an underground communist force formed in 1942 to resist German occupation. They made two attacks on the “Germans only” Café Club in October 24, 1942 and July 11, 1943. The attacks are commemorated here in a mosaic by Władysław Zych on the site of the former club (now a book store).

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text: X06018

Boney Parts

A 5-storey disassembled skeleton by Spanish-based street artist ARYZ in Rua vasco da Gama in Lagos, Portugal.
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Thinking Outside The Box

Last week we posted a collection of tile pieces from a trip to Albufeira, Portugal; this week a selection of ten electricity boxes from the town of Silves.
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text:

Tile-Land

Carrickfergus is not the only place with tiles. Here are a selection of tiled works from Albulfeira, Portugal, including the rooster above, various saints and monks, and a street sign for “Rua Sir Cliff Richard – Cantor”.

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text: translator’s house conciecao porta do norte monk alberto silveria

The Stairway Of Knowledge

Frescoes in a stairwell in the University Of Padua’s Palazzo del Bo: the student enters innocent/ignorant (hence naked) and aspires to climb the stairway of knowledge through the various faculties. The sculpture is by Arturo Martini; the muralist is Italian architect and designer Giò Ponti.
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text: padova Città degli affreschi

Mannequin Dreams

Street art by Kenny Random (Instagram | WP) in Padua/Padova, Italy beheld by the mannequins in the shoe shop next door.

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text: via roma Andrea Coppo

The Best Of All Possible Worlds

At the Bastille station on the Paris metro, the story of the Revolution is told under the title “Fureur et Liesee” – “Fury and Jubilation”. This portion portrays enlightenment values spread across the world, in the United States, Nouvelle-France and Europe. In the right portion of the image above, Voltaire holds aloft a copy of his Candide (1759). In the image below, the “machine à amplifier la voix des orateurs” does Rousseau no good in his teaching of Émile (1762) – he is blocked out by a new sign for the exit. Both authors died in 1778, just eleven years shy of the storming of the Bastille. For a collection of close-ups, click here.
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text: ceramic fresque liliane belemert odile jacquot mai 89 may 1989