Introduction To The Visual History Pages
There are 11 main Visual History pages. These present a history of murals from the Protestant/loyalist/unionist (PUL) and Catholic/nationalist/republican (CNR) communities in the north of/Northern Ireland from 1900 to the present.
Visual History 01 covers early PUL muraling and Visual History 02 covers early CNR muraling. By “early” we mean up to (roughly) 1981. Even though the period commonly known as “The Troubles” begins in 1969 (and so 1981 is well into the Troubles), we use 1981 as a dividing line because it is in 1981 that a new and dramatic wave of CNR muraling begins.
In the appendices to Visual History 01 and 02 we are attempting to gather complete lists of early PUL (Visual History 01) and early CNR (Visual History 02) murals. If you know of any not included, please get in touch.
Visual Histories 03, 04, 05, and 06 cover the period from 1981 (the hunger strikes) to 1994 (the ceasefire). Further Histories then cover the post-Troubles or post-ceasefire period: 07, 08, and 09 cover (roughly) the years 1994 to 2003, in which CNR and PUL communities press their claims, while 10 and 11, which cover the period from 2003 to the present, add the state as a third source of murals and street artists as a fourth.
In addition to the main pages, we provide a general introduction to muraling (What Is A Mural?) and a Glossary of the terms used on the site, a Map, and also a number of pages on specific locations (such as Free Derry Corner), themes (such as International Solidarity), icons (such as Bobby Sands or Eddie The Head), and painters (such as Bobby Jackson, Alan Skillen, and Gerard ‘Mo Chara’ Kelly). These are included in the list below alongside the Visual History page where they are first mentioned.
The pages are spread across the two sites – ‘Extramural Activity’ and ‘Peter Moloney Collection – Murals’; do not be alarmed if the frame of the page changes.
All pages at this time (2022) are drafts. Comments and corrections are greatly appreciated, to firstname.lastname@example.org
The “Oldest” Murals – An overview of the “oldest” murals in a variety of senses including first painted (by each sect) and longest-lasting (with and without repainting).
Visual History 01 – The Protestant Ascendancy – Early PUL muraling.
The Jackson Murals – in Londonderry’s Fountain area (PUL)
Visual History 02 – The Catholic Insurgency – Pre-hunger strike CNR muraling.
Beechmount/Falls Corner in (CNR) west Belfast – the most often painted wall (apart from Free Derry Corner)
The Alan Skillen Murals – in Percy Place, Belfast, 1984 (PUL)
Gerard ‘Mo Chara’ Kelly – separate web site with catalogue and images from Mo Chara’s life
Sevastopol Street (Bobby Sands) Falls Road, Belfast (CNR)
The People’s Gallery – Bogside, Derry (CNR)
“Hawks” & Doves – Tracks the replacement of the phoenix and lark by the dove during the peace process.
Eddie The Trooper – A collection of the known images of Iron Maiden’s ‘Eddie The Head’ in the guise of a British Red Coat from the Crimean War. (PUL)
The (so-called) International Wall on Divis Street, which marks the entrance to CNR west Belfast
Northumberland Street – an extension of the International Wall (CNR)
Mountpottinger Road – in Short Strand, east Belfast (CNR)
Sliabh Dubh/Black Mountain – the lettering on the mountain by Gael Force Art (CNR)
Visual History 11 (2010-present)